Cook Islands Ministry of Finance News
The Cook Islands Government has now released the budget for 2014/15 with a small underlying surplus of $0.009 million. Underlying operational revenue is estimated to reach $123.203 million in 2014/15 and expenditure is projected to be $123.195 million. Major new initiatives include:
• An increase in the pension to those aged 70 years and over of $15 from 1 January 2015 onwards, increasing the pension to $650 a month;
• An additional $0.050 million for the next tranche of students in the Cook Islands nursing school;
• An additional $0.5 million during 2015 (2014/15 and 2015/16) for coordinating events associated with the fiftieth anniversary of self government.
• An increase in marketing funds for tourism to assist with the change in aircraft type from $4 million over two years to $4.5 million;
• An additional $0.1 million to be deposited into the natural disaster response fund, which will now have $0.638 million available for immediate response in the aftermath of a natural disaster;
• An additional $0.1 million for increasing the allowance for families looking after children under;
• $0.1 million for the community capital fund;
• Refunding approximately $0.4 million in income tax paid on New Zealand superannuation income;
• $0.035 million for the conduct of local elections during 2014/15.
The Government revised the capital plan with around $47 million in spending over two years has been provided for in capital development funding from the Cook Islands Budget including:
• $2 million for bridges and drainage in Rarotonga;
• $5 million for Project City (Airport to Tupapa);
• $1 million over two years for sealing of the runway at Atiu;
• $1.25 million Rutaki Foreshore revetment in 2015/16;
• $5 million for sanitation in Rarotonga and Aitutaki;
• $4.7 million for renewable energy;
• $16 million for Te Mato Vai; and
• $0.9 million water tank subsidy Rarotonga (14/15).
Revenue on a Government Finance Statistics Basis (GFS) was $186.9 million, which includes $63.8 million in development partner assistance, major contributions in 2014/15 include:
• $6.378 million from China for the purchase of heavy machinery for the outer islands;
• $10.8 million from New Zealand for renewable energy infrastructure activity in the northern group of islands;
• $2.913 million from the UNDP for strengthening the resilience of island communities;
• $4.118 million from New Zealand for works associated with Te Mato Vai;
• $1.914 million from New Zealand for revitalisation of the pearl farming industry;
Total net debt in 2014/15 is forecast to reach $78 million (20 per cent of GDP), the Government announced that it will be sourcing an additional $13 million of debt from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to fund coupled with grant funding from the European Union and PEC funding from Japan (but outlined as Cook Islands money) totalling $27.8 million which will:
• support the construction of up to six solar photovoltaic power plants in the Cook Islands Southern group (Mauke, Mitiaro, Mangaia, Atiu, Aitutaki and Rarotonga) ;
• provide institutional strengthening to the Office of the Energy Commissioner (OEC) and Renewable Energy Development Division (REDD); and
• provide project management support to the power utilities, Te Aponga Uira (TAU), and REDD to implement core and non-core subprojects.
As per the requirements of the Loan Repayment Fund Act 2013, MFEM will release a report on the impact of the borrowings on the public sector debt position.
Nominal GDP growth was estimated to be 2.6 per cent in 2013/14 increasing to 4.5 per cent in 2014/15 and tourism numbers are expected to reach 122,000 in 2014/15.
Full documentation on the budget can be found in the explanatory documentation contained within:
• Budget Book 1 – Fiscal and Economic Outlook
• Budget Book 2 – Ministry Budget Statements
• Budget Book 3 – Capital and Development
These documents are now available on the MFEM website here.
Journey to Development
9 – 12 February 2015
The fifth Cook Islands Development Partners Meeting will be held in the Cook Islands from 9-12 February 2015. The meeting is also planned as part of the festivities around the fiftieth anniversary year of Cook Islands self government in 2015.
The focus will continue to be on building development partner confidence in the Cook Islands national systems. The meeting will be structured in a manner that fosters space for different perspectives from local community, business and civil society leaders to be shared with international and national government representatives. As well as the main plenary in Rarotonga, there will also be an overnight visit taking place in Mitiaro scheduled for Thursday 12 February.
The meeting theme of ‘’Journey to Development’’ will examine the development pathways of the CookIslands through the last 50 years.
In announcing the timing of the meeting, Cook Islands Minister of Finance, the Honourable Mark Brown outlined
“The development partners meeting will allow us to reflect on how far we have come, what lessons can be taken from past experience and how this can apply this to future development of the country, and ultimately I hope it will help contribute to a greater understanding of the opportunities before the Cook Islands and increase our collective actions.”
In the process of moving activities beyond Rarotonga, Mitiaro will have the opportunity to engage with development partners. The head of the Development Coordination Division, Peter Tierney commented that:
“It is important to outline the challenges which are present in the Pa Enua, particularly the difficulties associated with remoteness. Last year the people of Atiu made a great impression on our partners, and we are now beginning to work with the Mitiaro Island Council to ensure the same happens again.”
The Policy Framework and Intentions
Telecommunications are a key driver of economic and social development in what continues to be an increasingly fast moving knowledge intensive global environment. Telecommunication services today are akin to the old trade routes which opened up economic opportunities and transformed the global economic environment.
The sector requires dynamic and innovative participation, ensuring the sector delivers on the opportunities and potentials which are and will become available.
A clear policy mandate for the sector is required to enable participants to invest, innovate and deliver services to the community. The Government of the Cook Islands has endorsed the following key policy principles for the sector. The sector should:
• provide affordable and quality telecommunication services to all people in the Cook Islands;
• establish an environment for the sustained adoption of technology which will assist in the public sector delivery of services such as education and health;
• establish an environment where economic services such as banking and commerce can be delivered more effectively and real time;
• establish an environment where services which are/were traditionally delivered by analogue means can be provided through a digital service;
• establish an environment where new services can be quickly provided; and
• be an investor friendly environment for attracting additional investments into the sector.
The Government clearly believes that the provision of world class telecommunications infrastructure and information is the key to rapid economic and social development of the country. The availability of affordable and effective telecommunications for households and businesses is at the core of the vision and a major goal of these principles. The major actions of the Cook Islands Government going forward are aimed at this vision and will include:
• the introduction of a less prescriptive legislative regime;
• changes to management of the spectrum; and
• reduce barriers to enter the telecommunications market.
Additionally, the Government will continue to have a number of roles in the sector including:
• as the policy and law maker;
• a major consumer of telecommunication services;
• hosting an independent regulator; and
• as a minority owner of the incumbent operator, Cook Islands Telecom.
As mentioned previously, telecommunications is, and will continue to be for the foreseeable future a key enabler for the continued economic and social development of the Cook Islands.
As a service based economy the importance of reasonably priced effective telecommunications is a key to continued productivity and growth. Efficient and effective telecommunications is crucial to innovation and the creation of new services within the Cook Islands.
The Government wishes to ensure that the sector is structured in a manner that participants will maximise investment, strive for innovation and aim to provide improve service provision and reduce prices.
The Government wishes to ensure that the people of the Cook Islands have access to universal service which entails the provision of affordable and equitable telecommunications and internet services to every individual or household on demand. Such universal access would encompass at the minimum the following, telephony and internet services need to be:
• provided at affordable rates;
• of good quality and acceptable standards;
• available or accessible regardless of where people are located within the Cook Islands; and
• accessible to a larger proportion of the population of the Cook Islands.
Efficient and reliable provision of telecommunications services
Telecommunications is ubiquitous; this basic service is required by almost all individuals, government agencies and industry. The Government will continue to advocate and promote the efficient and reliable provision of telecommunications services.
A network which meets the needs of the people of the Cook Islands
The Government wishes to see the development of a robust and secure telecommunication network which will provide seamless coverage aimed at closing the digital divide and driving socio-economic development. Essentially, this would revolve around:
• continuing to encourage an inclusive knowledge society by providing for the proliferation of affordable and high quality broadband services across the Cook Islands; and
• allowing for innovation in the sector which will see a faster evolution of the mobile device as an instrument of socio-economic empowerment for Cook Islanders and visitors to the Cook Islands.
The Government believes that continued investment is required to ensure continued development in the sector. Market pressures and competition for the provision of improved and less costly services should lead to greater investments for those firms who wish to meet market demand and keep market share.
Therefore the Government will create greater flexibility in the telecommunications market to ensure a competitive environment exists without compromising but rather complementing its other objectives, in particular universal and affordable access for all Cook Islanders.
Promote efficient interconnection arrangements between network providers and other providers
Competition in the sector will only occur if entrants are able to interconnect their facilities with those of the incumbent or other market players and to do so at terms that allow the entrant to provide the service at competitive levels of price and quality. A ‘fair and reasonable’ interconnection policy is a critical input to foster competition in telecommunication markets.
The spectrum is a key government asset, and as a result it is crucial to promote the efficient use of spectrum.
The Government wishes to regain the management of spectrum. This will see a move towards liberalising spectrum use so that it will enable the use of spectrum in any band to provide any service in any technology and enable optimal utilisation of spectrum through an appropriate regulatory framework.
A new approach to spectrum management will allow the regulator to spectrum and allocate alternative frequency bands or media to service providers from time to time to make spectrum available for introduction of new technologies for telecom applications.
Fair, objective, and transparent Licensing regimes for service providers and network providers
Establishment of a commission to licence the three major areas including:
• spectrum licensing;
• service provider licensing; and
• network provider license
Additionally, it will allow for an efficient approval regime for apparatus.
Government recognises the convergence of electronic media and will take a ‘whole of media’ approach with all forms of telecommunications, including radio and television broadcasting, incorporated into one piece of legislation.
The Ministry of Finance and Economic Management (MFEM) is a key institution of the Crown. It is a
pivotal agency in the public sector responsible for revenue collection, expenditure, economic policy
advice, collecting statistics and managing official development assistance (ODA) on behalf of the
The Ministry is one of the largest agencies (in terms of employee numbers) in the Cook Islands and it
covers a vast range of activities, due simply to its role as the manager of public monies. Ultimately
the Ministry’s achievements are not just of its own makings and efforts, to be successful the Ministry
needs to work closely with others, in 2013/14 many of its achievements are shared with others, such
as the implementation of the HRMIS/payroll with OPSC, rolling out the whole of government IT
network meeting with OPSC, managing the Te Mato Vai project with Infrastructure Cook Islands are
To view the full report click here.